P. Siva Kumari*, Gowramma A2, P. Ratna kala1, B. Prathibha1, E. susanna1, A. Mounika1
1Jagan’s college of Pharmacy, Jangala kandriga, SPSR Nellore, Andhra Pradesh, India
2Asst professor, Dept. of pharmaceutics, Jagan’s college of Pharmacy, Jangala kandriga, SPSR Nellore, Andhra Pradesh, India.
A B S T R A C T
Chitin and chitosan are unique and these are standard marine polysaccharides, attracted the interest of many researches. Chitin and its derivatives exhibit a variety of physicochemical and biological properties. In the present study, chitin and chitosan properties will be reviewed and their potentialities as promising biomaterials. Chitosan nanoparticles have gained more attention as drug delivery carriers because of their better stability, low toxicity, simple and mild preparation method, and providing versatile routes of administration. The sub-micron size not only suitable for parenteral application, but also applicable for mucosal routes of administration, i.e., oral, nasal, and ocular mucosa, which are non-invasive route.
Keywords: Chitosan, nanoparticles, chitin, applications