V. Hari Baskar*, Ramesh Dhani, P. Amrutha Raj, K. Rohan Abhilash, M. Mounika, K. Suma, P. Ashok
Ratnam Institute of Pharmacy, Pidathapolur, SPSR Nellore, Andhra Pradesh, India
A B S T R A C T
Currently, about 80 % of all polymeric materials are produced by the petrochemical industry, i.e. they are produced from fossil (non-renewable) resources. The present review will detail the efforts to produce biodegradable plastics in plants and will be extended to include the broader topics of biodegradable polymers derived from plant materials, including starch and cellulose. Along with the increased use of plastics the burden on the environment is also increasing. In addition to the environmental impacts caused by the mere production of polymers and plastics, there is a growing burden of waste, generated when users discard products that are no longer needed. Waste has been a pressing problem for many years; with the increasing mass consumption of products with a short life span, the amount of waste is also increasing rapidly.
Keywords: petrochemical industry, biodegradable plastics, environmental impacts, life span