Asha Roshan*1, Navneet Kumar Verma2, Anubha Gupta2 1R.K. College of Pharmacy, Azamgarh, U.P, India 2Department of Pharmacy, Rameshwaram Institute of Technology and Management, Lucknow, U.P, India
Carica papaya belongs to caricaceae family and it is commonly known as ‘papaya’. Carica papaya is used in ayurvedic medicines from very long time. It is used as anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, diuretic, antibacterial, abortifacient, vermifuge, hypoglycemic, antifungal activity, antihelmenthic and immunomodulatory etc. Scientific evidences suggest their versatile biological function that supports its traditional use in different diseases. Phytochemical studies shows that plant carica papaya contains mainly alkaloids carpaine, pseudocarpaine, tannins, flavnoids, carcin, gamma terpine, glycoside carposides, sugars etc. The plant has effective pharmacological activity such as anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, diuretic, antibacterial, abortifacient, hypoglycemic, antifungal, antihelmenthic and immunomodulatory, hepatoprotective and anticonvulsant activity.
Keywords: Carica papaya, caricaceae, abortifacient, pharmacological activity